Advanced Combustion Science by K. Ohtake (auth.), Professor Tsuneo Someya (eds.) PDF

By K. Ohtake (auth.), Professor Tsuneo Someya (eds.)

ISBN-10: 4431682287

ISBN-13: 9784431682288

ISBN-10: 4431682309

ISBN-13: 9784431682301

Non-uniform combustion, as encountered in diesel and gasoline turbine engines, furnaces, and boilers, is chargeable for the conversion of fossil gasoline to strength and likewise for the corresponding formation of pollution. regardless of nice learn efforts long ago, the mechanism of non-uniform combustion has remained much less explored than that of alternative combustion forms, because it involves many, in general brief strategies which impact one another. In view of this heritage, a bunch examine venture, "Exploration of Combustion Mechanism", used to be tested to discover the mechanism of combustion, in particular that of diffusive combustion, and in addition to discover effective how one can keep watch over the combustion strategy for higher usage of gas and the relief of pollutant emission. the gang examine used to be all started, after preparatory job of two years, in April 1988, for a interval of three years, as a undertaking with a Grant-in-Aid for clinical examine of precedence sector sponsored by way of the Ministry of schooling, technology and tradition of Japan. the total staff of forty three contributors used to be organize as an organizing committee of thirteen participants, and 5 learn teams, including 36 participants. The study teams have been: (1) regular combustion, (2) Unsteady spray combustion, (3) keep an eye on of combustion, (4) Chemistry of combustion, and (5) results of fuels. initially of the undertaking it was once agreed that we must always pursue the mechanism of combustion from a systematic standpoint, specifically, the objective of the undertaking used to be to acquire the basics, or "know why", instead of "know how" of combustion.

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JSME, 44: pp 3534-3542 [36]Uchida H, Nakajima M and Yuta S (1985) Measurement of flame temperature distribution by IR emission computed tomography, Appl. , 24: pp 4111-4116 [37]Doi J, Sato and Miyake T (1987) Three-Dimensional Measurement of the Shape of Combustion Flames, Laser Diagnostics and Modeling of Combustion, Springer-Verlag, Tokyo, pp 195-202 [38]Nakayama M and Ogiwara G (1990) Image Processing of Methanol Spray Flame, 28th Japan Symp. , pp 428-430 [39]JSME, Laser Diagnostics and Modeling of Combustion (1987) Maruzen [40]Fujita 0, Ihara S, Tatsuta S and Ito K (1990) Prediction of Visible Emission Spectrum by Flame Colorimetry (Laminar Propane Flame), 28th Japan Symp.

The comparison of the above two models has been conducted in the numerical prediction of recirculating flows [1]-[4]. 7. Generally speaking, the Reynolds stress model does not always provide better results for recirculating flows than the k-t: model in the present stage of development [1][4]. In connection with this fact, it may be considered that turbulence models do not have large effect on the simulated results because recirculating flows are mainly controlled by convection [5]. The causes for the discrepancy between measured and simulated results may be attributed to numerical errors for the calculation of these complex flows.

27 Comparison of measured and calculated change with injection velocities of edges of dark strip for three different values of UnP In the previous experiment [23-25], the number density of seeding particles required to visualize the flame was of the order of 1000 particles per cubic millimeter. lm. 4 x 10-3 • The particle is small enough to follow accurately the gaseous flow, and we may think that there is no slip between the gas and particle velocities. The thermal effect is not important either, and we may assume that the particle temperature is always equal to the local gas temperature.

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Advanced Combustion Science by K. Ohtake (auth.), Professor Tsuneo Someya (eds.)

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