Download PDF by R. Lukens-Bull: A Peaceful Jihad: Negotiating Identity and Modernity in
By R. Lukens-Bull
Based on large ethnographic examine, this publication examines how the Islamic group in Java, Indonesia, is actively negotiating either modernity and culture within the contexts of nation-building, globalisation, and a meant conflict of civilizations. The pesantren neighborhood, so-called since it is headquartered round a tutorial establishment known as the pesantren, makes use of schooling as a principal area for facing globalization and the development and upkeep of an Indonesian Islamic id. even if, the community's efforts to combat with those concerns expand past schooling into the general public sphere typically and particularly within the zone of management and politics. The case fabric is used to appreciate Muslim suggestions and responses to civilizational touch and clash. students, proficient readers, and complex undergraduates attracted to Islam, spiritual schooling, the development of non secular identification within the context of nationwide politics and globalization will locate this paintings useful.
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Extra info for A Peaceful Jihad: Negotiating Identity and Modernity in Muslim Java
He advocated a style of dress and lifestyle that would symbolically separate the Indonesians from the Dutch. Third, many Tebu Ireng santri were members of the Hizbullah, the Islamic anticolonial forces, and Yusuf Hasyim was a lieutenant. Finally, at a point when all hope was lost, General Sudirman, the commander of the Indonesian forces, asked Hasyim Asyari to declare that the war against the Dutch was jihad. He gave a fatwa doing so and requiring all Muslims within 80 kilometers of the fighting to participate (Arifin 1993:81; Syihab 1994:30).
Chapter 2 The “House” that Change Built Once, a kyai and his senior santri came to pesantren Tebu Ireng to meditate and pray at the grave of its founder, Hasyim Asyari. The kyai was looking for the tasbih (prayer beads) of Hasyim Asyari, which would give him great spiritual powers. After several days of prayer, the kyai led his students home disappointed because he had not found the tasbih. One student asked what the kyai had been looking for and was told, for the first time, that the kyai sought the tasbih of Hasyim Asyari.
Sacred geography places this graveyard between the believers and Mecca when they pray. Because the dead are buried facing toward Mecca, the placement of the graveyard suggests that the 32 A PEACEFUL JIHAD great kyai buried there are still leading the community in prayer. Almost all of the pesantren I visited had the founder’s grave as an important ritual site, whereas only Tebu Ireng placed it between the mosque and Mecca. This is, however, the pattern found at the tombmosque of at least two of the Wali Songo, namely Sunan Kudus and Sunan Ampel.
A Peaceful Jihad: Negotiating Identity and Modernity in Muslim Java by R. Lukens-Bull