New PDF release: A Life of Ernest Starling

By John Henderson

ISBN-10: 0195177800

ISBN-13: 9780195177800

Ernest Starling (1866-1927) was once pre-eminent within the golden age of British body structure. His identify is mostly linked to his “Law of the Heart,” yet his discovery of secretin (the first hormone whose mode of motion was once defined) and his paintings on capillaries have been extra vital contributions. He coined the observe 'hormone' 100 years in the past. His research of capillary functionality established that equivalent and contrary forces flow around the capillary wall--an outward (hydrostatic) strength and an inward (osmotic) strength derived from plasma proteins.

Starling’s contributions include:
*Developing the "Frank-Starling legislation of the Heart," offered in 1915 and changed in 1919.
*The Starling equation, describing fluid shifts within the physique (1896)
*The discovery of secretin, the 1st hormone, with Bayliss (1902) and the creation of the concept that of hormones (1905).

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Extra resources for A Life of Ernest Starling

Sample text

It meant that, between them, Bayliss and Starling were secretaries at the Society from 1896 to 1922. The senior secretary was—and still is—the chief executive officer of the society. Meanwhile, poor Hopkins was not getting on too well with the Guy's administration. Like Starling, he was expected to re-apply regularly for his post. In 1897 he seemed to have even more teaching than Starling, for he was a demonstrator in both physiology and chemistry with responsibilities in public health and toxicology.

Eighteen more years would pass until the Dutch physiologist Willem Einthoven (18601927) and the British investigator (Sir) Thomas Lewis (1881-1945) changed the electrocardiogram from a physiological curiosity into an essential cardiological tool. Einthoven's interest in the subject began the day that he saw Waller giving a lecture on it, so perhaps Waller's self-advertising was not such a bad thing. Bayliss and Starling had not actually failed in their venture: they produced, in retrospect, the "right" answers.

Most of their results r e p e a t e d the findings of the exotically n a m e d Augustus Desire Waller (1856-1922). Waller h a d g r a d u a t e d in m e d i c i n e from A b e r d e e n a n d was p e r s u a d e d to go into research by Sharpey. After research in Germany, h e came back to work with B u r d o n Sanderson at University College, a n d t h e n b e c a m e a lecturer at St. Mary's Hospital. H e achieved a n u n u s u a l d e g r e e of 26 A Life of Ernest Starling financial independence for his research by marrying Alice Palmer, a biscuit heiress.

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A Life of Ernest Starling by John Henderson


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